Key Findings

Student Effort

Students’ behaviors contribute significantly to their learning and the likelihood that they will attain their educational goals. “Time on task” is a key variable, and there are a variety of settings and means through which students may apply themselves to the learning process. Eight survey items that indicate how frequently students engage in a number of activities important to their learning and success are associated with this benchmark. They are:
During the current school year, how often have you:

  • Prepared two or more drafts of a paper or assignment before turning it in (4c)
  • Worked on a paper or project that required integrating ideas or information from various sources (4d)
  • Come to class without completing readings or assignments  (4e)
  • Used peer or other tutoring services (13d1)
  • Used skill labs (13e1)
  • Used a computer lab (13h1)

During the current school year:

  • How many books did you read on your own (not assigned) for personal enjoyment or academic enrichment (6b)
  • How many hours did you spend in a typical week preparing for class (studying, reading, writing, rehearsing, or other activities related to your program) (10a)


Key Findings: Student Effort

Most students report spending time preparing for their courses outside of class and utilizing school computer labs, but many also report coming to class without completing reading or assignments and few take advantage of tutoring services.

  • Though half (51%) of students often or very often prepare two or more drafts of a paper before turning it in, over one-fifth (20%) never do.
  • Over half (64%) often or very often work on a paper or project that requires integrating ideas or information from various sources.
  • Thirty-four percent of students never come to class without completing readings or assignments, while 13% do so often or very often.
  • Nearly half (46%) rarely or never use peer or other tutoring resources.
  • Four in 10 (43%) sometimes or often use a skills lab.
  • Nearly two-thirds (62%) use a computer lab sometimes or often, with one-third (31%) using one often.
  • Three in 10 (32%) students haven’t read any books for personal enjoyment or academic enrichment. 
  • The vast majority of students spend at least some time preparing for class, with two in five (40%) spending between one and five hours, and three in 10 (30%) spending six to ten hours and (29%) eleven hours or more.

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Center for Community College Student Engagement
—a Research and Service Initiative—
Program in Higher Education Leadership | Department of Educational Administration  | College of Education
The University of Texas at Austin
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